OPHTHALMOLOGIC EMERGENCIES IN THE PATIENT WITH DIABETES
Fellowship of Vitreous and Retina,
Basir Eye Center, Tehran, Iran.
Patients with diabetes mellitus are susceptible to a variety of ophthalmologic problems. Blindness is among the most feared medical conditions. This article focuses on rapidly progressive eye symptoms and problems that require emergent attention.
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of blindness in adults aged less than 75 years. Clinicians must be able to recognize proliferative diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema which need urgent ophthalmologic referral and photocoagulation laser treatment to limit the progression of retinal disease and to protect vision.
Other emergent conditions discussed herein are the evaluation of vascular events, ocular motor nerve palsies, corneal erosion syndrome, and severe eye infections including endophthalmitis and mucormycosis.