INTERVENTIONS TO SLOW PROGRESSION OF MYOPIA
BSc, MSc, PhD student in Optometry and vision sciences at Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS)
Abstract: Myopia is a significant public health problem and its prevalence may be increasing over time. The main treatment options of single vision spectacle lenses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery do not slow the accompanying eye growth or retard the physiological changes associated with excessive axial elongation. High myopia is a predisposing factor for retinal detachment, myopic retinopathy, and glaucoma, contributing to loss of vision and blindness. The high prevalence of myopia and its prominence as a public health problem emphasize the importance of finding effective treatments that slow myopia progression and axial elongation. Various treatment options such as undercorrection of myopia, gas permeable contact lenses, bifocal or multifocal spectacles, orthokeratology contact lenses, soft bifocal contact lenses, and topical pharmaceutical agents have all been introduced to control progression of myopia. In this presentation, the various methods to slow myopia progression will be described. Finally, the most effective methods will be introduced.